Appeal Panel Endorses NCAA’s Sanction On First Nation, Pilot


A five- man Appeal Panel has upheld and reaffirmed the civil sanctions imposed on First Nation Airways and one of its Pilots by the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA).

This was contained in the Report submitted by the Panel to the regulatory authority at the conclusion of the sitting.

First Nation Airways, one of domestic carriers had earlier filed an appeal following a Letter of Sanction written to the airline on the 23rd of January, 2017.

Recalled that violations were detected during a ramp inspection on the airline’s aircraft, Airbus A319 with registration mark 5N-FNE, on the November 8, 2016, at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport (NAIA), Abuja.

After the exercise, it was discovered that the Pilot-in-Command (PIC) was not in possession of a current medical certificate.

In addition, the airline similarly rostered the Pilot to carry out operational flights when obviously his medical certificate had expired.

Therefore, the airline and the Pilot violated Parts,, (1) and (24) of the Nigeria Civil Aviation Regulations (Nig.CARs) 2015.

Consequently, in accordance with IS 1.3.3. (1)(14) of the Nig.CARs,2015,the airline and Pilot were fined N32 million and N1.5 million  being moderate civil penalty for the violation.

However, the airline swiftly filed an appeal to the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) in disagreement with the reported violations and sanctions.

The regulatory authority in its responsiveness and quest to be just and fair to all, constituted an appeal committee to hear the airlines appeal.

The five-man appeal panel had three airline operators, a private legal luminary and NCAA officials as observers.

First Nation Airways was represented by four Lawyers, the Pilot and three management staff.

After four days of sitting, submissions and deliberations the panel upheld and reiterated the applicable sanctions meted out to the airline and it’s Pilot.

It arrived at the following conclusions in agreement with the NCAA findings prelude to the application of sanctions.

The ATRL 1874 Licence of the Pilot in Command of First Nation Airways had expired on November 2, 2016.

The PIC was not in possession of the Licence during the Ramp inspection on the 8th November, 2016.

The PIC did not have a valid License and was not properly certified from 2nd – 8th November, 2016.

The PIC operated 15 flights and the airline rostered the PIC 16 times.

The investigation revealed that the PIC operated with expired License from 2nd to 8th November,2016 and that from all indications  the airline knew the PIC did not have a valid licence, adding that this is a very serious safety issue therefore the moderate sanctions applied by the NCAA were reasonable under the circumstances.

The discovered that the PIC’s argument that he had a valid licence when he operated the flights was incorrect, as he had no valid Medical Certificate.

The PIC had 14 days according to the Nigeria Civil Aviation Regulations NCARs to apply before the expiration of the licence but that the PIC did not apply until November 3, 2016, after expiration.

According to the Panel the invoice was issued by NCAA on  November 3,2016 and that the Pilot did not do the Cardiac Risk Assessment (CRA) test mandatory for his 62 years age even after he was informed by NCAA the Authorised Aviation Medical Examiner (AAME), adding that He did the medical assessment eventually.

The CRA report was dated 7th November, 2016 and was sent to NCAA on the 8th November, 2016.Therefore, the accusation of delay and inefficiency by the Authority is wrong and unfounded. The PIC and the Airline did not follow laid down procedure.

NCAA received the medical report same day, reviewed it and issued the Medical Certificate same day on  November 8, 2016.

Based on these findings, the Panel dismissed all grounds of appeal and upholds the NCAA’s Letters of Sanctions in respect of First Nation Airways and it’s Pilot.

Meanwhile, NCAA has stated that it would continue to provide level playing field to all airline operators but that failure to adhere to safety regulations shall attract applicable sanctions.



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