Photo caption : From left, Managing Director, ANAPJET, Capt. Akin George, Director of Operations, Accident Investigation Bureau, AIB; Capt. Dayyabu Danraka, D/G, Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority, NCAA, Capt. Musa Nuhu, Chairman, League of Airport and Aviation Correspondents, LAAC, Mr. Segun Koiki and Director, Aviation Security, Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria, FAAN, Grp. Capt. Usman Sadiq (rtd) at the Conference on Prevention of Human Factors in Air Accident Occurrences held at Sheraton Hotel Ikeja Lagos.
The Chief Executive Officer/Commissioner of Accidents Investigation Bureau, Nigeria(AIB-N), Engr. Akin Olateru has stated that it was paramount on the part of stakeholders to do everything that would contribute substantially reduce human factor in air transportation.
The AIB-N boss , who said that aviation remains the safest means of transportation, however advised that the safety rating must be improve upon despite representing accidents rate at one per million takeoffs.
Human factors knowledge, he stated could be used to reduce the likelihood of errors and build more error tolerant and more resilient systems., adding that these, he noted are important for safe and efficient aviation.
“Causes affecting the accident rate in air transportation can be classified from various factors and points of view. The most general and probably the most transparent way of classification is dependence on human action or failure, technical and meteorological factors.
“As far as the organizational or legislative shortcomings are concerned, they could also be instrumental in supporting the factors mentioned, mostly as a result of poor adherence to legislative procedures or mismanagement of resources associated with air operation.
“There is a range of causes to air accidents. In view of the fast development taking place in almost all the aviation fields, the occurrence of air accidents caused by technological advancement is reducing. This development, however, is adding to the complexity of systems and raising the level of seriousness, all that to be managed by the humans, Olateru said.”
Speaking further, he stated that for a substantial progress in air transportation safety to be achieved, it was necessary to focus on the most frequently occurring air accidents, such as the CFIT and runway incursions and overruns and loss of control of the aircraft.
According to him, “It is also important to focus on the phases of flight especially at its beginning (takeoff) and end (landing). When assessing the development in accidents, it follows that despite the enormous progress made in the field of air transportation, its safety fail to develop to satisfaction, with causes identified as in=comprehensive approaches to learning and appreciating the human factor.”
Also speaking , the Chairman of LAAC, Mr. Olusegun Koiki called for continued focus on human factors in air accidents investigation since it plays a crucial role in safety in the global aviation sector, as it would reduce the rate of accidents.
In his words, “One small error caused by poor procedures or miscommunication can result in catastrophic events including loss of life.”
He commended the AIB which according to him has performed creditably well in improving air safety in the country’s aviation industry.
“Let me use this opportunity to reiterate that if indeed, the Federal Government desires safer transportation for the country, it is pertinent to amend the existing Act setting up AIB to include the investigation into other modes of transport – Inter-modal investigation is the way to go.
“AIB as an organisation has performed creditably well in ensuring safer skies for air transport in Nigeria. AIB’s statutory duty should be extended to other modes of transport like road, rail and marine. A situation where the inspector also acts as an investigator/regulator will rob off on the credibility of an investigation report.
“The current Nigeria Safety Investigation Bureau (NSIB) Bill before the National Assembly should be passed. The approval of this bill will reinforce safety in all modes of transportation in Nigeria through distinctive, efficient and effective investigations of accidents and serious incidents involving any of the modes of transportation within Nigeria or anywhere else Nigeria’s interests lie.”